Identity and necessity 185 think, contrary to most recent theorists, that the reference of names is rarely or almost never fixed by means of description. Yet kripke argues that in the case of naming, where a word somehow relates to an extralinguistic individual object, most of his colleagues got it all wrong. That identity statements between what we call names in actual language are necessary. The routledge philosophy guidebook to kripke and naming and necessity is an ideal starting point for anyone coming kripke s work for the first time. Naming and necessity is a 1980 book with the transcript of three lectures, given by the philosopher saul kripke, at princeton university in 1970, in which he dealt with the debates of proper names in the philosophy of language. This means it makes the assumption that many fundamental. Ever since the publication of its original version, naming and necessity has had great and increasing influence. He claims there is an inherent problem in the fregean notion of sense.
Yet one of the most famous and rewarding works of said analytic philosophy, naming and necessity, is a breezy romp through many of the most major problems of linguistic and metaphysical analysis. Read download naming and necessity pdf pdf download. The book has four chapters, covering the main topics of kripkes epic naming and necessity nn. A conflation in freges notion of sense kripke s response to fregean theories. Saul kripkes archive on the cuny philosophy commons. Its not a single description, but rather a cluster, a family of properties which fixes the reference. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Arial times new roman symbol default design saul kripke, identity and necessity an apparent paradox the paradox with proper names identities in science rigid vs. But of course just because they associate this description with the name, they do not use the name to refer to oppenheimer. Three distinctions 1 a priori truths from epistemology. Evidently lots of people think that einstein was the inventor of the atomic bomb, and this is the description they most associate with the name. Explorations in the philosophical work of saul explorations in the philosophical work of saul kripke, j.
Kripke naming and necessity problems associated with simple descriptivism the most common way out of this difficulty is to say really it is not a. Giving the semantic content this is one facet of a fregean sense. Here the latter must be given primary emphasis, but the former will not be entirely neglected. It includes one paper by kripke himself and each of the other papers touches, in some way, on kripkes work.
From kripkes naming and necessity michigan state university. This seminal work, to which todays thriving essentialist metaphysics largely owes its impetus, is here reissued in a newly corrected form with a new preface. Although much of his work remains unpublished, several major essays have now appeared in print, most recently in his longawaited collection. A response to saul kripke in his book, naming and necessity, the american philosopher saul kripke argues, among other things, that the traditional belief that a priori knowledge must be knowledge of necessary. Kripke has two other arguments against the descriptive theory. Naming and necessity has had great and increasing influence.
Pdf on nov 1, 2005, consuelo preti and others published kripke. Kripke, naming and necessity gaby pilson and sophie gaulkin. Kripke proposes a millian theory of names, according to which proper names dont. In 1999, the university of haifa awarded saul kripke an honorary degree and hosted a conference in his honour. Kripke uses name to refer solely to these, not to definite descriptions definite descriptions the x such that ax x is the referent, the object uniquely satisfying the. Saul aaron kripke is an american philosopher and logician, now emeritus from princeton. Rigid designators stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Kripke claims that i and ii are selfevident theses of philosophical logic independent of natural language. Those ways of reading it are interesting, but i think that what kripke is saying is, in the end, quite simple, which is why the book has enjoyed such lasting popularity.
January 20, 19701 i hope that some people see some connection between the two topics in the title. Lecture 1 proper names people, countries, cities, etc. Kripke if there is such a thing as essential reading in metaphysics or in philosophy of language, this is it. It redirected philosophical attention to neglected questions of natural and metaphysical necessity and to the connections between these and theories of reference, in particular of. Lectures given to the princeton university philosophy colloquium. This seminal work, to which todays thriving essentialist metaphysics largely owes its impetus, is here reissued in a newly corrected form with a new.
In this lecture, professor saul kripke takes the opportunity to revisit some of the more controversial points in his seminal work naming and necessity. Pdf on sep 15, zsofia zvolenszky and others published naming with necessity. It redirected philosophical attention to neglected questions of natural and metaphysical necessity and to the connections between these and theories of reference, in particular of naming, and of identity. If a name refers to an object o, it refers to o with respect. It redirected philosophical attention to neglected questions of natural and metaphysical necessity and to the connections between these and theories of naming, and of identity. Or, as kripke puts it, how does the reference of a name get. Naming and necessity was mentioned as one of the eminent texts for this practice. If not, anyway, such connections will be developed in the course of these talks. Kripke considers two arguments against the idea that this distinction between essential and accidental properties makes sense. There we saw that we could give the following test for the rigidity of a term. The pragmatists like dewey though they came before russel, if i am not mistaken. Naming and necessity a return to mill kripke proposes a millian theory of names, according to which proper names dont have senses.
A term t is a rigid designator just in case in every possible world it designates the same object quoting from kripke, naming and necessity. The routledge philosophy guidebook to kripke and naming and necessity is an ideal starting point for anyone coming kripkes work for the first time. The preface is not written in such a way as to be completely selfcontained. This seminal work, to which todays thriving essentialist metaphysics largely owes its impetus, is here. A sense is supposed to be that which is grasped by the mind, a meaning in some nontechnical sense. A descriptivist in disguise wesley hansen in his work, naming and necessity saul kripke argues against many previous philosophers, such as russell, who have offered a descriptivist account of language. The received view in analytic philosophy, dating back to the turn of the century works by frege and. Time and development in kripkes naming and necessity. Names, necessity, and identity find, read and cite all the research you need on. The ideas in naming and necessity evolved in the early sixties most of the views were formulated in about 196364. Even were that true, the name would not be synonymous with the descnption, but would be used to name an object which we pick out by the contingent fact that it satisfies a certain description.
If there is such a thing as essential reading in metaphysics or in philosophy of language, this is it. Naming and necessity 3 the preface first, but that they return to it for clarification if necessary after they have read the main text. Kripke s life and the background to his philosophy. Naming and necessity pdf, in particular, both thought that there was no fundamental difference between ordinary proper names and definite descriptions. We can give two arguments for the necessity of true. Naming with necessity part of the dissertation portfolio modality, names and descriptions. A rigid designator t rigidly designates an object o just in case in every possible world it.
For example, we take it to be the case that it is contingent that the first postmaster of the united states is identical with the inventor of bifocals i. Naming and necessity a conflation in freges notion of sense frege should be criticized for using the term sense in two senses. His early masterpiece, naming and necessity, reversed the pattern of two centuries of philosophizing about the necessary and the contingent. The preface of 21 pages describes the genesis and background of the leading ideas of the monograph, and discusses a few common misunderstandings. Kripke s life and the background to his philosophy the ideas and text of naming and necessity the continuing importance of kripke s work to the philosophy of language and metaphysics. Saul kripke has been a major influence on analytic philosophy and allied fields for a halfcentury and more. Kripke semantics for modal and related logics, published in several essays beginning in his teens his 1970 princeton lectures naming and necessity published in 1972 and 1980, which significantly restructured philosophy of language. Furthermore, because of the use of tools involving reference and. Routledge philosophy guidebook to kripke and naming and. For he takes the sense of a designator to be its meaning.
My argument here is different from kripkes metaphysical thesis. Click download or read online button to get saul kripke book now. Russell looks to break everything down into more atomistic pieces in a search for truth. Kripkes view about essential properties has implications for his views about language. Saul kripke at the mathematics genealogy project saul kripke, genius logician, a short, nontechnical interview by andreas saugstad, february 25, 2001. Kripke on naming and necessity university of toronto. Kripke began with a consideration of the fregean analysis of the meaning of a sentence as a function of the referents of its parts.
Naming and necessity has had a great and increasing influence. The modal argument 4849, 7177 in lecture i, kripke introduced the notion of rigid designation. Fourth, in the wake of kripkes naming and necessity lectu res, david kaplan suggested t hat proper names were directly referential expressions whose propositional contribution was their referent. Naming and necessity is a 1980 book with the transcript of three lectures, given by the philosopher saul kripke, at princeton university in 1970, in which he. As kripke points out, it is an important strength for the classical picture of naming that it has a story to tell about this. Kripkes life and the background to his philosophy the ideas and text of naming and necessity the continuing importance of kripkes work to the philosophy of language and metaphysics. We can then ask whether certain things might have been true of these objects 273. Kripke believes that we must cross off thesis 6 as incorrect. As its title no doubt suggests, hughess is a book about kripke. According to the classical view, we associate descriptions with names, and the references of names are. In this invaluable guidebook to kripke s classic work, harold noonan introduces and assesses. Causation and computation work in this trend was naming and necessity 1980, by the american philosopher saul kripke born 1940, based on lectures he delivered in 1970. I hope that some people see some connection between the two topics in the title.
In this invaluable guidebook to kripkes classic work, harold noonan introduces and assesses. The papers collected in this volume descend from that conference. Saul kripke, identity and necessity driving question. Jun, 2019 in this lecture, professor saul kripke takes the opportunity to revisit some of the more controversial points in his seminal work naming and necessity. Second annual saul kripke lecture by john burgess on the necessity of origin at the cuny graduate center, november th, 2012.
So, according to frege, there is some sort of looseness or weakness in our language. Kripke naming and necessity problems associated with simple descriptivism the most common way out of this difficulty is to say really it is not a weakness in ordinary language that we cant substitute a particular description for the name. Routledge philosophy guidebook to kripke and naming and necessity. Identifying the two, he supposes that both are given by. And so, even though we can imagine a case where the man who wrote these works. Applied to our news story about homer, the device of rigid desig nators guarantees that if we are referring at all by the name homer. But kripke would deny that a speaker would have to know this essence, or to rely upon any other nontrivial criteria distinguishing you from world to world, in order to refer to you by way of a rigid designator kripke 1980, pp. Naming and necessity by saul kripke is a work on the subject of analytical philosophy, focused on the topic of philosophy of language.764 1150 611 1003 235 1398 1280 289 1309 1186 326 947 773 1496 1267 773 1194 327 677 752 777 930 498 1388 342 668 968 1006 17 458 600 1307 936 288 266 445 1087 1439 41 211 1456 1066 462 630 1298 1271 313